Apr 30, 2024

Understanding RICS "Red Book" Valuations

RICS "Red Book" valuations, recognised globally as a hallmark of surveying standards, play a crucial role in various legal..


RICS "Red Book" valuations, recognised globally as a hallmark of surveying standards, play a crucial role in various legal, financial, and property matters. Understanding the intricacies of these valuations is essential, as they uphold stringent standards outlined by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). In this guide, we delve into the specifics of Red Book valuations, their purpose, technical standards, and the importance they hold in different contexts.

What are RICS "Red Book" Valuations? 

RICS "Red Book" valuations, formally known as RICS valuations, are a set of standards established by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. They provide a comprehensive framework for conducting property valuations with consistency, reliability, and integrity. These valuations are sought after for various purposes, including taxation, probate, matrimonial proceedings, shared ownership, court proceedings, and property evaluations.

Technical Standards and Guidelines

To ensure the integrity and accuracy of Red Book valuations, RICS has established specific technical standards and guidelines that surveyors must adhere to. The Red Book comprises several sections, each outlining essential standards and procedures:

1. Professional Standards (PS):

  • PS 1: Compliance with standards where a written valuation is provided.
  • PS 2: Ethics, competency, objectivity, and disclosures.

2. Valuation Technical and Performance Standards (VPS):

  • VPS 1: Terms of engagement (scope of work).
  • VPS 2: Inspections, investigations, and records.
  • VPS 3: Valuation reports.
  • VPS 4: Bases of value, assumptions, and special assumptions.
  • VPS 5: Valuation approaches and methods.

3. Valuation Applications (VPGA):

  • VPGA 1 to VPGA 10: Guidance notes on valuation for various applications, including financial statements, secured lending, business valuations, trade-related properties, plant and equipment, intangible assets, personal property, real property interests, identification of portfolios, and matters causing valuation uncertainty.

International Valuation Standards (IVS)

In addition to the Red Book standards, the International Valuation Standards (IVS) provide further guidance and consistency in valuation practices globally. Adopted by professional bodies worldwide, IVS reinforces the uniformity and professionalism of valuations across borders, facilitating seamless transactions and evaluations.

Importance and Compliance

The significance of RICS "Red Book" valuations lies in their adherence to rigorous standards, ensuring accuracy, transparency, and reliability in property assessments. Clients seeking Red Book valuations can trust in the expertise and professionalism of RICS Chartered Surveyors, who undergo specific training and qualifications for conducting such valuations.


RICS "Red Book" valuations stand as a beacon of integrity and professionalism in the realm of property assessment. By adhering to strict technical standards and guidelines, these valuations provide clients with confidence and assurance in their property-related decisions. Whether for legal, financial, or personal matters, the credibility of Red Book valuations remains unparalleled, making them indispensable in today's dynamic real estate landscape.


  1. Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. (2017). RICS Valuation – Global Standards.
  2. Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. (2015). RICS Valuation – Professional Standards UK.
  3. International Valuation Standards Council. (2017). International Valuation Standards.
  4. Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. (n.d.). RICS Red Book Valuations: A Guide for Clients.